|Benedict XI Beatus|
Popes declare doctrine in messages called Bulls. Boniface issued an immodest Bull declaring that every living person must be a willing subject of the pope; in essence, as the Vicar of Christ, the pope should be the Supreme Emperor of the Whole World. There probably ought to have been an alliance of all governments to get him out of office, but politics being what it is, the job fell to King Philip IV of France. That's Conflict One.
|A stamp? This guy gets a stamp?|
Conflict Three was actually theological. A deep rift had formed between those who felt that poverty is essential for salvation and those who felt that the Majesty of the Church was a glorification of God. The conflict still has not been resolved, but in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, it was especially bitter. Boniface's predecessor, Celestine V, was tolerant of the poverty faction, if not downright encouraging to them. See this post for a reminder. But Celestine V, bless him, resigned under pressure from his cardinals, including most notably Benedetto, Cardinal Gaetani, who then got himself elected to the papacy in two ballots.
|Tough guys Nogaret and Colonna muscle the Pope|