|Claude the Dry Martyr|
|Mary of Modena, Mother of the Old Pretender|
Charles' Catholic brother James (husband of Mary) came to the throne, much to the distress of hardshell Anglicans. The problem was exacerbated by James & Mary's son James (aka the Old Pretender), who would perpetuate the Catholic dynasty. Naturally a gifted Catholic preacher, especially a foreigner, would be a target of popular malignity, especially since he served as the Queen's chaplain, a job he undertook with sufficient zeal to break his health. The Protestants might not have been able to assail the royal family (yet), but they could certainly persecute their near-and-dear. He was arrested and thrown into prison, where his weakened health worsened. King Louis XIV leaned on the English to release him. When they did, he was exiled to France, where he lived for only two more years.
Louis XIV, by the way, not only offered refuge to Claude, who was after all a subject of the French crown, but to James and Mary after they were overthrown by William & Mary in the Glorious Revolution. I don't think many nice things are said about Louis anymore, but any leader who offers refuge to deposed leaders (in the spirit of peace rather than prolonging conflict) gets props here.