But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. They will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the sovereign Lord who bought them—bringing swift destruction on themselves.
READER: Hey Major, I thought this was about Flavian!
Right. Among those who denounced Nestor at the Council of First Council of Ephesus was an archmandrite (middle manager of the Church) named Eutyches. In his argument, he went so far in praise of the combination of divine and human natures of Jesus that he asserted it was one blended nature known as the incarnate Word of God. Whoops. Was that a slip of the tongue or did he just assert another heresy, viz. that Jesus has only one nature? He argued against Nestor in 431; he found himself denounced as a heretic at synod in Constantinople in 448. He was convicted, defrocked, and excommunicated. I can't help but think of the Red Guards purging loyal communists whose orthodoxy was not as nimble as the central committees during the Maoist era.
READER: Major! Flavian?
Right. Flavian, the new Archbishop of Constantinople, was the president of the synod that stripped Eutyches of everything except his life. A Second Council of Ephesus was convened to examine whether Flavian had acted appropriately. The room had been stacked against Flavian by the minions of the Emperor Theodosius, who was still nursing grudges against Flavian.
Grudge One: When the Emperor was visiting Calcedon, his eunuch told Flavian that a gift of gold would be appropriate. Flavian declined to give anything.
|Pulcheria? I doubt it, but some gamer says so.|
Upon hearing of this, Pope Leo I, voted the Ephesian proceedings, dismissing the event as The Robber Council of Ephesus. Theodosius himself died a year later. Pulcheria shared her throne with her new husband, Marcian. They translated Flavian's relics to Constantinople in a triumphal parade and summoned another council to affirm Leo's judgment and toss Eutyches back out on his ass.
POP QUIZ: The false teacher or false prophet in the story was:
g) all of the above
h) none of the above